Zadok was a joint-high priest with Abiathar in the time of David, and was designated by David for the anointing of Solomon as his successor, Abiathar having allied himself with the claims of Adonijah for the throne. Zadok then became high priest under Solomon, and Josephus says that "Zadok, the high priest, was the first high priest of the Temple which Solomon built." It is thought, however, by some authorities that he died before the dedication of the Temple.

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