Quarries

The fact the neither the Scriptures nor authentic tradition records that any material for the Temple was secured from Phoenicia except the timbers of Lebanon disproves the idea that the stones were Tyrian. Abundant evidence sustaining the claim that these stones were quarried in the immediate vicinity of the Temple has been brought to light by excavations and explorations. Great quarries from which stones of the finest building quality and in far greater amounts than required in the Temple have been removed are situated in the northeast portion of Jerusalem, near the Damascus Gate. It appears quite certain that it was in these quarries that the great stones for the Temple were taken, hewn, and prepared for the building. Timbers, not stones, of Lebanon furnished to Solomon by Hiram, king of Tyre… — ( 1 Kings 5:1-10 )


Biblical Reference

1 Kings 5:1-10

1 And Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants unto Solomon; for he had heard that they had anointed him king in the room of his father: for Hiram was ever a lover of David. 2 And Solomon sent to Hiram, saying, 3 Thou knowest how that David my father could not build an house unto the name of the LORD his God for the wars which were about him on every side, until the LORD put them under the soles of his feet. 4 But now the LORD my God hath given me rest on every side, so that there is neither adversary nor evil occurrent. 5 And, behold, I purpose to build an house unto the name of the LORD my God, as the LORD spake unto David my father, saying, Thy son, whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room, he shall build an house unto my name. 6 Now therefore command thou that they hew me cedar trees out of Lebanon; and my servants shall be with thy servants: and unto thee will I give hire for thy servants according to all that thou shalt appoint: for thou knowest that there is not among us any that can skill to hew timber like unto the Sidonians.
7 And it came to pass, when Hiram heard the words of Solomon, that he rejoiced greatly, and said, Blessed be the LORD this day, which hath given unto David a wise son over this great people. 8 And Hiram sent to Solomon, saying, I have considered the things which thou sentest to me for: and I will do all thy desire concerning timber of cedar, and concerning timber of fir. 9 My servants shall bring them down from Lebanon unto the sea: and I will convey them by sea in floats unto the place that thou shalt appoint me, and will cause them to be discharged there, and thou shalt receive them: and thou shalt accomplish my desire, in giving food for my household. 10 So Hiram gave Solomon cedar trees and fir trees according to all his desire.


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