This is the Hebrew term employed in designating overseer Masons employed by Solomon in the building of the Temple. A group of either 3,300 or 3,600 constituted those so designated, with the distinct idea of "Princes in Masonry." It is in this symbolism that the term is used among Masons. — ( 2 Chron. 2:2,18 - 1 Kings 5:16 )
2 Chronicles 2:2,18
2 And Solomon told out threescore and ten thousand men to bear burdens, and fourscore thousand to hew in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred to oversee them. 18 And he set threescore and ten thousand of them to be bearers of burdens, and fourscore thousand to be hewers in the mountain, and three thousand and six hundred overseers to set the people a work.
1 Kings 5:16
Beside the chief of Solomon's officers which were over the work, three thousand and three hundred, which ruled over the people that wrought in the work.